Medicine of Extreme Situations
Scientific and Practical reviewed Journal
of FMBA of Russia

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№4, 2015 (December)

System of physiological and hygienic care validation introduced for better athletes adaptation to the climatic conditions of Rio de Janeiro.

Year: 2015 (December) Number: №4 Pages: 8-21

Heading: Biomedical and healthcare provision in sports of greatest achievements.

Article type: Scientific article.

Authors: V.V. Uiba, Yu.V. Miroshnikova, S.M. Razinkin, A.S. Samoylov, V.V. Petrova, P.A. Fomkin, M.M. Bogomolova.

Organization: FMBA Russia, Moscow; SRC-FMBC, Moscow; Volgograd State Academy of Physical Culture, Volgograd.

Annotation:

The article presents the main principles of physiological and hygienic care, introduced to maintain high achievements of athletes, stayed in climatic conditions of Rio de Janeiro. These are the following: adaptation models for athletes: biological, psychological and social factors, temperature distribution in an athlete.

Keywords:

Athlete, adaptation, temperature distribution, adaptation reserves, functional reserves.

Physiological and hygienic reasons for adaptation processes optimization in athletes stayed in Rio de Janeiro Climatic conditions (Literature Review).

Year: 2015 (December) Number: №4 Pages: 22-32

Heading: Biomedical and healthcare provision in sports of greatest achievements.

Article type: Scientific article.

Authors: S.M. Razinkin, I.A. Berzin, V.V.Petrova, A.S. Samoylov, P.A. Fomkin.

Organization: SRC-FMBC, Moscow; FMBA Russia, Moscow.

Annotation:

The article analyzes a number of publications on climatic adaptation of athletes and rehabilitation methods in different climatic conditions. The article provides comparative analysis of different approaches and recommendations of various authors about the implementation of instruments and methods, which increase athletes’ adaptation capability. The results of researches on climatic adaptation of emergency personnel are presented, as well. The article shows the potential directions of research development in this field.

Keywords:

Athlete, adaptation model, climatic conditions.

Innovations in the system of biomedical care provided to the national sports teams of Russia.

Year: 2015 (December) Number: №4 Pages: 33-37

Heading: Biomedical and healthcare provision in sports of greatest achievements.

Article type: Scientific article.

Authors: V.B. Nazarov, A.P. Sereda, M.S. Kljuchnikov, A.S. Samoylov.

Organization: FMBA of Russia, Moscow; FSMC, Moscow; SRC-FMBC, Moscow.

Annotation:

The article presents — the latest achievements in the field of biomedical care provided to National Sports Teams of the Russian Federation; - comments on the Federal Medical-Biological Agency operation of in the field of National Sports; - examples of innovative technologies developed by FMBA successfully introduced into the athletic training and competition program in Russian National Sports Teams.

Keywords:

Biomedical care, greatest sports achievements, sports medicine, innovations, National Sports Teams of Russia.

Development and validation of the standard rating scale used in national sports teams of Russia for the athletes functional assesment.

Year: 2015 (December) Number: №4 Pages: 38-44

Heading: Biomedical and healthcare provision in sports of greatest achievements.

Article type: Scientific article.

Authors: Yu.V. Miroshnikova, S.M. Razinkin, A.S. Samoylov, P.A. Fomkin, V.V. Petrova, A.A. Kish.

Organization: FMBA of Russia, Moscow; SRC-FMBC, Moscow.

Annotation:

The article presents calculation methodology used in the Standard Rating Scale development. Mentioned Standard Rating Scale was used for the functional reserves assessment of 94 athletes in the National Cyclic Sports Team, to verify their Candidate Master category. The examination was conducted among 56 sportsmen (aged 22,3±2,6, in average) and 38 sportswomen (aged 21,7±3,1, in average), in total. The article has valuable recommendations upon the Standard Rating Scale application in Sports of Greatest achievements.

Keywords:

Athlete, functional reserves, physical work capacity, Standard Rating Scale, mathematical tool.

Methodology assessment for technologies applied in sports medicine.

Year: 2015 (December) Number: №4 Pages: 45-55

Heading: Biomedical and healthcare provision in sports of greatest achievements.

Article type: Scientific article.

Authors: A.S. Samoylov, S.M. Razinkin, V.V. Petrova, P.A. Fomkin, I.T. Vykhodets.

Organization: SRC-FMBC, Moscow; FMBA of Russia, Moscow.

Annotation:

The article discusses the main methodological aspects of efficiency assessment of sports medicine technologies, i.e. the concept and the structure of medical and biological care in sports medicine, the differences between sports and physical culture, team’s physician work scope, adaptation and functional reserves of athletes, functional readiness, specificity of exercise ECG testing, efficiency of sports medicine diagnostic technologies, the concept of efficiency — effectiveness.

Keywords:

Athlete, adaptation reserves, functional readiness.

Medical-psychophysiological provision in advanced medical examination of Russian national sports teams.

Year: 2015 (December) Number: №4 Pages: 56-61

Heading: Biomedical and healthcare provision in sports of greatest achievements.

Article type: Scientific article.

Authors: I.N. Mitin, V.Yu. Shcheblanov, A.P. Sereda, E.A. Samodelkina, E.I. Razumets.

Organization: FSMC, Moscow; SRC-FMBC, Moscow.

Annotation:

The article presents the results of medical and psychophysiological diagnostic of Russia national team athletes, aimed at assessing the severity of adaptation violations. It contents minimum set of basic techniques to assess psychophysiological and psycho-emotional status of athletes at the medical examination. A procedure of medical and psychophysiological diagnostics is offered as part of medical examination of Russia national teams.

Keywords:

Athletes, Russian National Sports Teams, advanced medical examination, medical and psychophysiological provision, psychophysiological adaptation, disadaptation.

Efficiency evaluation of methods used for psycho-emotional correction in national sports teams of Russia.

Year: 2015 (December) Number: №4 Pages: 62-67

Heading: Biomedical and healthcare provision in sports of greatest achievements.

Article type: Scientific article.

Authors: A.S. Samoylov, S.M. Razinkin, A.D. Korolev, S.E. Nazaryan.

Organization: SRC-FMBC, Moscow.

Annotation:

The article presents the pilot research results on biological feedback (BFB) to stress, measured in athletes of the National Rowing Youth Team of Russia in preparation for international competitions; the of method efficiency was measured on software-hardware complex «Diamed-MBS».

Keywords:

Biological feedback, stress resistance, software-hardware complex «Diamed-MBS» psycho-emotional state, the preparation of athletes for international competitions.

Federal guidelines (formulary) on the medications prescribed to child and adolescent athletes.

Year: 2015 (December) Number: №4 Pages: 68-74

Heading: Biomedical and healthcare provision in sports of greatest achievements.

Article type: Scientific article.

Authors: S.O. Kljuchnikov, I.G. Kozlov, T.A. Pushkina, A.S. Samoylov, L.A. Balykova, G.V. Kukushkin, I.T. Vykhodets, A.P. Sereda.

Organization: FSMC, Moscow; The Pirogov RSNMU, Moscow; SRC-FMBC, Moscow; Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk; FMBA of Russia, Moscow.

Annotation:

This article provides information on the Federal (formulary) Guidelines and medications prescribed to in child and adolescent athletes. It presents in details: the structure of the guidelines; the expediency of each section; the core sources of information. Several drugs are presented in the case studies, underlining the importance of knowing not only the anti-doping regulation, but also the dosage regiment for children; drug safety, contraindications, adverse events and the global practice on each drug prescription.

Keywords:

Formulary guide, medicines, children and adolescent athletes.

Comparative analysis of anthropometric parameters as phenotypic markers connective tissue dysplasia syndrome in athletes.

Year: 2015 (December) Number: №4 Pages: 75-80

Heading: Biomedical and healthcare provision in sports of greatest achievements.

Article type: Scientific article.

Authors: O.S. Vasiliev, S.P. Levushkin.

Organization: Russian state university of physical education, sport, youth and tourism (SCOLIPE), Moscow.

Annotation:

This paper presents the results of the study, which aimed at a comparative analysis of standardized anthropometric studies in Sports for a minimum threshold, sufficient for phenotypic diagnosis of connective tissue dysplasia. This syndrome can be detected at the stage of examination of athletes by anthropometry. This method neither require lengthy time, nor difficult measuring devices. Anthropometric measurements in sports traditionally are mandatory for studies conducted the training process.

Keywords:

Technical sports, connective tissue dysplasia, anthropometry.

Physiology of local hipotermia induced following an intensive athletic performance.

Year: 2015 (December) Number: №4 Pages: 81-89

Heading: Biomedical and healthcare provision in sports of greatest achievements.

Article type: Scientific article.

Authors: S.P. Levushkin, E.B. Akimov, R.S. Andreev, A.V. Yakushkin, V.D. Sonkin.

Organization: Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport, Youth and Tourism (SCOLIPE), Moscow; Center of Innovative Sports Technologies and National Teams Training at the Moscow State Sport Department, Moscow.

Annotation:

There is an evidence, that the method of local cooling can improve the recovery of physical strength in an athlete and thereby enhances athletic performance. At the same time, the mechanism of action behind the cooling procedure is not studied enough. The article presents, along with the results of the experimental studies on the role of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in lactate metabolism while limbs of the athletes were cooled down, data on the experimental hypothesis verification whether local cooling improve ski sprinters performance. It was tested on a ski ergometer, that if a hand immersed into 4C water for 45 seconds, the lactate level becomes significantly lower, recovery speeds up and the physical endurance improves. All of this allows us to recommend an accelerated recovery technique based on local cooling for practical application in sprint sports.

Keywords:

Sprinters; accelerated recovery; sharp local cold exposure; brown adipose tissue; lactate concentration.

Infectious complications after surgical treatment of athletic injuries of the achilles tendon.

Year: 2015 (December) Number: №4 Pages: 90-97

Heading: Biomedical and healthcare provision in sports of greatest achievements.

Article type: Scientific article.

Authors: A.P. Sereda, E.A. Anisimov.

Organization: FSMC, Moscow.

Annotation:

This article describes the options for Achilles tendon rupture, types of treatment and possible complications. In particular, it considered infectious complications in surgical treatment and disassembled modern treatment options. The examples of successful treatment of infectious complications.

Keywords:

Sports medicine, orthopedics (orthopedy), traumatology, surgery.

Experience of using rehabilitation medicine priciples in training camps for national sports teams of Russia.

Year: 2015 (December) Number: №4 Pages: 98-106

Heading: Biomedical and healthcare provision in sports of greatest achievements.

Article type: Scientific article.

Authors: A.S. Samoylov, A.P. Sereda, M.S. Kljuchnikov, E.I. Razumets, D.A. Kochanova.

Organization: SRC-FMBC, Moscow; FSMC, Moscow.

Annotation:

The article describes the possibilities of reabilitation medicine, methods and technologies implemented by FMBA of Russia, in the conditions of training camp. In particular, it describes the principles of mobile medical facilities, designed specifically for biomedical support of National Sports Teams of the Russian Federation, in situations of training camps and competitions. In addition, it contains the experience of using the methods of rehabilitation, based on mobile medical facilities, in preparation for major international competitions, such as the Winter Olympics 2014 in Sochi.

Keywords:

Sports medicine, rehabilitation, elite sports, mobile medical facilities, training camp.

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